The first traces of people in Freiburg lead us back to 1091. The castle on Schlossberg was built. Shortly after, prosperity bloomed and Bertold III. started to build our famous minster in the city centre. It took until 1513 to finish the huge church, and there was another major improvement initiated by the rich population: 1457, Albert-Ludwig-Universität was ready to educate the best of the best citizens of Freiburg.
Some wars followed, and Freiburg was under siege by French and Austrian troops. The city wall with its gates (Martinstor & Schwabentor) was constructed to keep the city under control. But from the early 19th century, the city could recover and bloom again in prosperity and gained a very good reputation among politicians and merchants. The population grew quickly, the first railway was employed and - fun fact - 1899, the first woman enrolled at university.
But the good times of the 20th century passed, and World War II hit Freiburg. On November 27th of 1944, the city centre and wide parts of the surroundings were destroyed within very few hours. Apart from the minster, which somehow almost wasn't damaged, many many buildings and sights laid in ruins. Freiburg was once again sieged by Frenchmen and after the relief, it could finally develop to what we know nowadays - a cozy city centre with modern and old streets, the famous 'Bächle' (small streams integrated in the street systems to supply the whole centre with water) and great buildings.
Today, we find ourselves in one of the four Regional Councils of the state Baden-Württemberg. Our mayor, Dieter Salomon has taken care of the city since 2002 and has already achieved a lot with his 'green' party. The next elections will take place in 2018.